Air waybill; it is issued by the agent or shipper acting on behalf of the carrier and it confirms the contract of transit
An advise note is a document sent to a client, informing of a coming delivery
A construction allowing the levelling of the floor level of the warehouse with the floor level of the loading crate of the outside vehicle in order to facilitate reloading.
"BTS projects are warehouse buildings designed and built for a certain recipient. BTS projects are characterized by their wide range of:
-the size of industrial space
-the size of office space
-the form of cooperation
-the functioning of an industrial building"
An electronic device used for the collection of data stored within a barcode; it transforms optical information (such as the printed barcode) into electrical signals, which are then decoded and transmitted to a computer. Also known as a scanner.
A barcode is the combination of successive light and dark lines which represent a set of characters. Certain information is communicated with these characters. A barcode system is a tool which expedites the workflow in a warehouse and raises its efficiency. Thanks to the system, warehouse operations such as receiving from production, expediting goods, stocktaking or packing is performed faster, without errors, the work is easier and the information needed for a company's high level of functioning is available, precise and up-to-date.
The constant process of the rating of goods, services and practices in relation to the toughest competitors or companies known as industry leaders.
A service of mixing goods from received loads into differently configured sets. Breaking bulk usually takes place in the warehouse where the goods have been warehoused earlier, so this service complements the general function of warehouses.
A certificate of origin is a document signifying the country of manufacture of the goods. It is often used by customs institutions to calculate customs fees for goods subject to preferential tariffs or used in regulated import from certain locales.
A container for transport and storage of general cargo. The use of flexi-tanks or liner-bags allows for the transport of liquid or loose materials. Outside dimensions: Length: 5.895m Width: 2.350m Height: 2.392m Doors: Width: 2.340m Height: 2.92m. Capacity in CMB 33.
A container for transport and storage of general cargo. Especially useful for loads light or high in volume. Outside dimensions: Length: 12.029m Width: 2.350m Height: 2.392m Doors: Width: 2.340m Height: 2.292m. Capacity in CMB 76.
A container for transport and storage of general cargo. Especially useful for loads light or high in volume. Outside dimensions: Length: 12.056m Width: 2.347m Height: 2.684m Doors: Width: 2.320m Height: 2.570m. Capacity in CMB 76.
Crossdocking is the practice of moving a delivery through the supply chain without warehousing it using intermediaries between the sender and the recipient.
The fulfillment of all responsibilities deemed necessary by customs rules, connected to the acquisition of cargo, persons, baggage, through the border of a given country that are subject to customs control.
As per article 33a paragraph 1 of the VAT bill, when in the national territory goods are subjected to the simplified procedure, mentioned in article 76 paragraph 1b or 1c of the EU customs duties codex, in which the billing cycle is a calendar month, the taxpayer can count the tax due for the import of goods in the tax declaration for the period in which a tax obligation emerged due to the import of said goods. The aforementioned article of the VAT bill introduced the possibility of a non-cash settlement of the VAT tax due for the import of goods directly in the tax declaration, without it being necessary to pay it at a customs office. So, practically, the VAT tax due because of the import of goods - even though it is shown on the customs form, isn't paid or secured at the moment of import.
Declaration of origin is a declaration pertaining to the origin of the goods, supplied due to their export on the invoice or another document, by the producer, supplier, exporter or other competent party.
A zone designated for carrying out organisational and technical operations connected with the releasing and expediting the goods
An entity charged with warehousing goods which are property of the suppliers and assigning them to be received according the the owner's instructions.
-A set of interdependent organisations collaborating in the process of the delivery of the product and service to the buyer.
-The route of the goods or their property title from the initial supplier to the final consumer/client/user, defined by the character of the vendor: wholesale, retail, those buying the property title for the goods.
Is the storing of supplies in equipment, in which they are subject to determined moving in relation to said equipment, going from the place of storage to the place they're received at. This can be rack storage or on means of technological transport.
E-commerce is the set of procedures that uses electronic means and tools (landlines, mobile phones, faxes, Internet, TV) in order to carry out a transaction. The most popular method of e-commerce is over the internet, where transactions between sellers and buyers are carried out. The most common form of e-commerce are online stores.
An EPAL licence is a licence to produce pallets according to the european standards (EUR) issued by the European Pallet Association (EPAL).
1. The historical name of the global GS1 System.
2. The short name for EAN International
3. The short name for the barcode symbology used for the marking of trade entities, especially retail products, according to the recommendations of said organisation.
Electronic Data interchange is the transfer of business information between computer and computer using standardised, widely accepted forms. The aim of EDI is the elimination of repeated entry of data, as well as speeding up and increasing the precision of the information flow thanks to the connecting of computer programs between the companies privy to the exchange. The use of EDI allows an improvement of the temporal availability of logistical information, a widening of data (as well as making it more precise) and also reduce inefficiencies in the process. To fully take advantage of EDI, the users of the logistics channel should communicate through the computer. In other words, an effective implementation of EDI requires direct communication between computer systems, both of the buyers and the sellers of goods.
A customs departure declaration. In case of a departure of a vehicle to a country outside the EU it is necessary to declare at customs its departure and prepare the EX customs document.
{Full Container Load} - cargo combined from the cargo of one loader, which uses an entire container, to deliver goods to one recipient.
First in, first out - for example, the material that reached the warehouse the first is the first to go out. FIFO is a supplies management system that guarantees a smooth flow of products and information.
1. The GS1 organisation, consisting of the GS1 head office and the network of local country GS1 organisations, which manages the GS1 system. The GS1 Head Office is located in Brussels, Belgium and Princeton, USA.
2. A set of international standards facilitating, inter alia, the effective management of global supply chains, pertaining to all industries, through the unique identification of trade and logistics entities, resources, locations, service relations, using ADC and EDI.
Servers to mark a logistical unit in a standardised way according to the rules of the G1 system for the purposes of all the members of the supply chain. A GS1 logistical label contains barcoded (GS1-128 is the standard) and visible to the naked eye data describing the contains of a logistical unit. The label clearly identifies every unit through an individual, 18-character SSCC number.
The barcode symbol schemes recommended by GS1 for use in a global supply chain: EAN/UPC, ITF-14, GS1-128, RSS, Composite Symbology and Data Matrix, using, among other things, GS1 identifiers. The symbology of barcodes, restricted for use according to the rules of the GS1 system are also called global barcodes.
An organisational system for a company's operation that eliminates contamination of food products, guaranteeing the consumer's security, while following the guidelines pertaining to a given food product. In logistics, HACCP aims at guaranteeing the security of storing and distribution of food products.
Storage racks allowing the storing of goods up to 15m tall. The racks are most commonly used in conjunction with palette systems which allows for good utilisation of even the smallest of warehouses.
A payment taken by all shipowners and ports due to the general responsibility of raising the general level of security in ports and maritime shipping.
"The rules are recommended and published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). The official version of Incoterms 2010 is the original text in English, approved by the United Nation Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). Authorised translations in 31 languages are available at ICC local committees. The rules in Incoterms 2010 were divided by groups, differing due to common factors within the group, such as transport and insurance fees, the point of risk transfer (and thus the completion of the delivery, directly pertaining to the payment and the carrying out of the conract), responsibility for the formalities and the costs of customs and import duties.

[Group E] - Departure - the seller makes the goods available for the buyer at the indicated release point. The seller is not obliged to take care of the customs or export duties, nor do they bear the costs and risk of the loading of the goods.

- EXW. Ex Works (...named place). The term shows the lowest level of responsibility and commitment on the pat of the buyer. The delivery is deemed completed at the moment of the placing of the goods for the buyer at the indicated location, without any further obligations on part of the seller.

[Group F] - Main Carriage Unpaid - Group F responsibilises the seller with taking care of the export customs duties. The seller doesn't bear the costs of transport or insurance.
- FCA. Free Carrier (... named place) – The seller bears the cost of transport, loading, unloading and insurance until the delivery of the goods to the first carrier, indicated by the buyer, in an indicated location. The goods are deemed delivered at the moment of the delivery of the goods by the carrier, and at this point the risk of damage or loss of goods is transferred to the buyer.

- FAS. Free Alongside Ship (... named loading port) –The responsibility for transport costs and the seller's risk end at the point of the delivery of the goods alongside the ship in an indicated port, however without loading them on the ship itself. From that point onwards all costs and risks associated with the goods are transferred to the buyer. The term can only be applied when dealing with maritime or inland navigation transport.

- FOB. Free On Board (... named loading port) – As with FCA, however the point of risk and cost transfer fro the seller to the buyer is the point of the transfer of goods onboard the ship (the seller bears the costs of the loading). The term can only be applied when dealing with maritime or inland navigation transport.

[Group C] – Main Carriage Paid – The seller makes a transport agreement and bears its costs. The seller is also responsible for carrying out export custsoms duties. The risk is transferred to the buyer at the point of the sending of the goods. All additional costs - emergent after the loading - and further transport and unforeseen circumstances costs are borne by the buyer.

- CFR. Cost and Freight (... named destination port) The seller does not bear the costs of the insurance of the goods (from the loading the goods on the ship in the first port onwards), which are borne by the buyer. The delivery is deemed compltete at the point of the loading of the cargo upon the ship of a carrier indicated by the seller.

- CIF. Cost, Insurance and Freight (named destination port) Unlike CFR, the seller also has to make arrangements for insuring the goods for the buyer. It is worht noting that Incoterms 2010 responsibilize the seller only to provide basic insurance. Both the terms CFR and CIF can only be applied when dealing with maritime or inland navigation transport.

- CPT. Carriage Paid To (... named destination port) The equivalent of CFR in transport other than maritime or inland navigation (including multi-mode transport).

- CIP. Carriage and Insurance Paid to (... named destination port) The equivalent of CIF in transport other than maritime or inland navigation (including multi-mode transport).

[Group D] – Arrival – The seller is obliged to deliver the goods to a specified locale or port.

- DAT (Delivered at Terminal) The seller is responsible for the delivery and unloading of goods to a specified terminal.

- DAP (Delivered at Place) – The seller is responsible for the delivery of goods to a specified location, however the unloading is the responsibility of the buyer.

- DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) – The widest level of responsibility on part of the seller from those above. In addition to the responsibiiltes stipulated by DDU, the seller also bears the costs and responsibility of dealing with import customs duties.
(Less than Container Load) - general cargo combined from the cargo of several different loaders, combined in the sending country, into one container destined for one recipient.
A company management philosophy, the implementation of which allows the delivery to the client of his needed value at the lowest cost and using the lowest amount of resources possible. Other names include lean manufacturing, lean production, lean six sigma and lean sigma. In polish literature the most common term is the direct translation - lean management.
Lean manufacturing is the method of effective management of production according to the principles of the lean management philosophy. Its aim is the reduction of waste, seamlessly managing the flow of the product's value through the resource to the final product stages. The expected benefits are: high product quality, timely deliveries, rational use of the company's resources, and the reduction of the inventory on hand. The term was popularised in 1990, after the publication of ""The Machine That Changed the World"", a book by James P. Womack, Daniel T. Jones and Daniel Roos.
The basic elements of the method are:
-5S standardisation
-effective management of equipment and TPM machines
-the defining of added value
-the defining and reduction of waste
A building along with its infrastructure and organisation in which logistical services pertaining to receiving, warehousing, dividing and releasing goods are carried out, as well as connected services, carried out by entities independent to the sender.
Is a company carrying out transport, storing and warehouse services for the clients' goods.
A service aimed at individuals and companies allowing the lease of small storage spaces with a differentiated lease period of 1 month and up.
The use of third party-services. The systematic use of the delivery of resources, highly complex components, or third-party services relying on long-term agreements. The reasons for using such a model might be:
-Insufficient own capacity
-Lack of access to modern technology or lack of know-how
-Company strategy which implies the use of such a model
Proof of delivery
A unit of counting rent for the lease of palette spaces in a warehouse equipped with palette racks.
A zone designated for picking only
QR codes are two-dimensional (matrix) codes that can carry any multimedia - text, image, sound or a mobile website. The information can be easily downloaded and read using a proper application on a mobile phone.
A reader for data contained in a RFID tag, consisting of an antenna and a controller which decodes, verifies, stores data and communicates between the tag and the computerised system using a wireless interface.
Radio Frequency Identification is currently one of the fastest-developing methods of automatic identification. Its practical use has accelerated in the past years, thanks to the establishment of global standards, improvements to the technology's efficiency and reduction of cost of its implementation.
Reach truck
A zone designated for carrying out operational and technological operations connected with receiving the goods at the warehouse
A type of industrial floor used in warehouse buildings.
Is a set of tools that constitute a comprehensive solution for the loading and unloading a supply truck.
Is a uniform administrative document, necessary only in the case of the import and export of goods from and to countries outside the EU.
Allows goods to be subject to the customs procedure in the rooms provided by the interested party or other locations indicated or recognised by customs officials.
Is a name for a customs document used during transport between two different customs offices
Is a payment taken in maritime transport for moving a container from the ship onto the dock, from the dock onto a car, etc.
An international customs transit document, issued by a insuring society, approved by the customs officials, basing on which goods are transported - in most cases, sealed by the customs officials - in road vehicles and containers, according to the provisions set by the customs convention pertaining to the international transit of goods on the basis of the TIR carnets.
TSL is the industry dealing with transport, shipping and logistics.
estimated transport time
Fast-moving consumer goods are products that move around and are sold quickly, often at relatively low cost. Examples include food products, cleaning supplies, alcohol and cigarettes.
Warehouse Management System is a program used to coordinate warehouse operations and manage the movement of goods in the warehouse, used in logistics. Its pivotal function within the WMS is the impeccable localisation of goods in the warehouse and the control of inventory turnover. Thanks to WMS, quantity and inventory control are also possible in relation to the goods received by the warehouse, for example pertaining to the consistency of the delivery with the order.
"A construction allowing the levelling of the floor level of the warehouse with the floor level of the loading crate of the outside vehicle in order to facilitate reloading.
Divided by location:
-elevated ramp,
-a ramp with deepened surface access
-outside ramp
-inside ramp
Divided by use: